The Writing Style of William Shakespeare

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  • January 1, 2024
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  • 5 min read


William Shakespeare, often regarded as one of the greatest playwrights and poets in the English language, lived during the Elizabethan and Jacobean eras (1564-1616). Shakespeare’s writing style is distinctive and has left an indelible mark on literature.

Punctuation marks at the end of lines in several of Shakespeare’s early works strengthen the rhythm. To heighten the dramatic quality of the play, he and other contemporary writers often used this kind of blank verse for character speech. He built suspense into many passages by using rhyming couplets after them.

The scene in Macbeth when Macbeth sneaks offstage to murder Duncan is a prime example. Soliloquies, in which characters address themselves, are a powerful tool in his plays for revealing the protagonists’ inner struggles and driving forces.

Exploring the Linguistic Brilliance of William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare has long been celebrated as one of the greatest playwrights in history, whose works have fascinated, delighted, and challenged readers and audiences worldwide for centuries.

His plays, penned primarily in verse, are imbued with an intricate thematic and linguistic richness that has immortalized them in the annals of literature.

Several key elements define Shakespeare’s writing style:

Blank Verse and Iambic Pentameter:

Shakespeare commonly used blank verse, unrhymed lines of ten syllables each, known as iambic pentameter. This rhythmic pattern, with five pairs of unstressed and stressed syllables, creates a natural and flowing cadence. While much of his work is in this form, he skillfully varied it for dramatic effect.

Rich Vocabulary:

Shakespeare had an extensive vocabulary, employing many words and phrases. His linguistic prowess allowed him to dialogue improvement and craft intricate and nuanced expressions. He often coined new words and phrases, contributing significantly to the expansion of the English language.

Metaphors and Imagery:

Shakespeare’s writing style combines metaphors, similes, and vivid imagery. His ability to use language to paint detailed pictures and evoke emotions is unparalleled. Many of his phrases and metaphors have become ingrained in English and are still widely used today.

Soliloquies and Monologues:

Shakespeare’s characters frequently engage in soliloquies and monologues, providing insights into their thoughts, motivations, and internal conflicts. These introspection moments deepen the understanding of the characters and advance the plot.

Varied Tone and Mood:

Shakespeare’s works encompass a wide range of genres, tones and perspectives, from tragedies like “Hamlet” and “Macbeth” to comedies like “Twelfth Night” and “A Midsummer Night’s Dream.” This versatility demonstrates his mastery in adapting his writing style to suit the tone and mood of each play.

Pun and Wordplay:

Shakespeare was known for his clever use of puns and wordplay. His plays are filled with double entendres and linguistic wit, adding layers of meaning and humor to the dialogue.

Complex Characters and Themes:

Shakespeare’s characters are multi-dimensional, grappling with complex emotions and moral dilemmas. His exploration of universal themes such as love, power, jealousy, and betrayal resonates with audiences across time and cultures.


In addition to his plays, Ghostwriting Founder reported that Shakespeare wrote a collection of 154 sonnets. These 14-line poems adhere to iambic pentameter and explore love, beauty, time, and mortality themes. The sonnets showcase his poetic prowess and mastery of language on a smaller scale.

Differences with Contemporaries

Shakespeare’s plays cover every aspect of human life. His humanized characters struck a chord with readers and viewers, in contrast to the generic or lifeless characters created by many other writers.

Shakespeare’s enduring legacy lies not only in his stories but also in how he told them. His writing style, characterized by linguistic brilliance, emotional depth, and thematic richness, continues to captivate readers and audiences worldwide.

Similarities to Other Writers:

Shakespeare’s writing style is much like Christopher Marlowe’s, and he seems to have been heavily influenced by how The Queen’s Men acted in historical plays. That said, his writing style is also like that of Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher, two other writers from that time.

More About Shakespeare’s Life, Family and Career

Early Life:

His father, John Shakespeare, was a prosperous glove-maker and a prominent figure in the town. His mother, Mary Arden, came from a well-to-do family.

Shakespeare’s family lived in Henley Street, and he likely grew up in a house called “New Place.” His family’s financial status allowed him to become a novelist and provide a certain level of comfort during his formative years.

Marriage and Family:

In 1582, at 18, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, who was eight years his senior. They had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith. Hamnet, unfortunately, died in childhood, while Susanna and Judith lived to adulthood.

Career in London:

By the early 1590s, Shakespeare had established himself as an actor and playwright in London. He became a shareholder in the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, a popular playing company, and later, the company was renamed the King’s Men when James I ascended to the throne.

Literary Career:

Shakespeare’s writing journey can be divided into three main periods: early, middle, and late. In the early period, he wrote comedies like “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” and histories like “Henry IV.” The middle period saw the composition of his famous tragedies, including “Hamlet,” “Othello,” “King Lear,” and “Macbeth.” The late period featured tragic comedies or romances like “The Tempest.”

Retirement and Death:

Around 1613, Shakespeare returned to Stratford-upon-Avon, likely to spend more time with his family. He continued to invest in real estate and other business ventures. He died on April 23, 1616, at the age of 52. He was buried in the Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon.


Shakespeare displayed remarkable versatility in the themes he explored across various genres, encompassing tragedy, comedy, history, and romance. His plays revolve around timeless human concerns such as love, jealousy, ambition, fear, guilt, and redemption, imbuing his characters with psychological complexity and endowing his tales with a timeless appeal.

William Shakespeare’s writing style fascinates us with its unique mix of creative language, deep themes, and the complex matrix of human feelings and experiences that run through his works.

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